||[Aug. 29th, 2004|06:45 pm]
THINKING PROCESS |
It was mentioned before that the process of thinking occurs when one or more of the senses falls upon a subject matter, which is then transferred to the brain and linked to previous information about that subject matter. After the linking with previous information and a judgement is made, that the process of thinking has occurred. Therefore, the necessary components of thought can be summarized as: a subject or subject matter, the senses, the able brain, and previous information. If there is an absence of any of these components, it is impossible for a thought to take place. We can illustrate this process by discussing a book written in the chinese language. If this book were being read by a person who had no clue about the structure, syntax, or even letters of the chinese language, it would be impossible for him to discern anything whatsoever from the contents of the book. There is a subject matter (the book itself), the sense of sight falls on the letters of the book and the images of the lettering is transferred to the brain. However, since there is no previous information regarding the chinese language, no thought can be generated regarding the contents of the book.
Today, humans get previous information from each other. The question however is where did the first man get his previous information from? This question is answered by the Quran, with the story of Adam (as). Allah the exalted informs us-in translation:
"And He taught Adam all the names, then He showed then to the angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these if you are truthful. They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge except what you have taught us, Indeed you are the Knower, the Wise. He said: O Adam, inform them of their names, then He said: Didn't I tell you I know the secret of the heavens and the earth?"
So the Creator of the universe stated that He was the one who gave the first man, our father Adam, the previous information (names of everything). Today in the West, the scientists and scholars, are still at a loss in determining the mind, and its components. Thus, it is not uncommon to find articles in Time Magazine, or documentaries on public broadcast television, wondering, debating, or speculating upon the mind. The Communists came closest to determining the mind. They claimed that the mind was a reflection of matter on the brain, and they ruled out altogether the role of previous information. This was nesessary for them since admitting the need for previous information to think is ultimately submitting to a Creator. Since communism is based on materialism, and it's evolution, thereby dismissing the role of a Creator, the previous information also had to be dismissed. The communist theory about the mind is also invalid because the brain does not have any ability to reflect information. It is not at all like a mirror, nor does it act like one, as they have defind it. So it is incorrect to say that the brain reflects information. Secondly, this hypothesis was put only to substantiate another hypothesis called Materialism or material evolution. In the West, after the industrial revolution and the use of the scientific method of thinking which led to the success of the industrial revolution, the western scientists and scholars began to depend solely on the scientific way of thinking in all aspects of life. Science and the scientific method of thinking was not ristricted to the physical and material sciences like physics, chemistry and thermodynamics, but went to cover fields like psychology, sociology, and anthropology. While the scientific method of thinking is valid in chemistry, astronomy and physics, it is invalid in psychology and sociology. The scientific method revolves around discarding any previous opinions about the subject being analyzed, then studying the object, taking it out of it's natural environment,observing its qualities and aspects, and then deriving formulas or conclusions based on the analyzed properties.
With regard to psychology, sociology, and any other science related to people, the scientific method is invalid because the behavior of people is controlled by their believed- in thoughts. So observing the actions of people with the intent of deriving conclusions or making generalizations may well lead to error. Without studying the thoughts which led to the action, or the creed and point of view of life which specified the thought, any conclusion that is derived is doubtful. Also it is not possible for emotions like fear, or greed to be placed under a microscope. One cannot study the components of the instincts, or isolate their location in the human body. Also this method cannot be used in policy analysis or in deriving divine rules. Consequently, the scientific method is limited to the areas and aspects that it can study i.e. the tangible matter. Western scientists and scholars, nonetheless use this method in all areas. This method is also an invalid method to be used in arriving at the Ultimate Conclusion. The Creator himself cannot be put under the scalpel or disector of the biologist, and consequently, this method is limited with regard to arriving at the Ultimate Conclusion.
For example,Rashad Khalifa tried to use the scientific method in relation to the Islamic Aqeedah. He denied some ayats of the Quran, since it did not conform to his theory of the number 19. After this he claimed that he was a messenger, saying that Allah took a covenant from all the messengers, about his messengership.(We seek refuge in Allah from believing this). It must be understood that the Quran is not a math book, a physics book, or a biological book. The messenger of Allah (saaws) encouraged the people to study and observe in the laboratories. However, when it came to halal and haram, the human mind had no say in their legislation. We find other muslims, overloading, stretching, and contorting certain ayats to conform to certain biological findings and astronomical breakthroughs. For example, the ayat from Surat-ur-Rahman where Allah says-in translation: "O company of Jinns and Humans, if you can get out of the heavens and earth, then do so, but you cannot do it except with an authority (sultan)." (Surah Rahman: 33)
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